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Enhanced Protection

Abbey Library of Saint Gall, A-listed object in the Inventory of Cultural Property, UNESCO World Heritage Site, and nominated for enhanced protection.

The Second Protocol of 1999 to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict introduced the status of enhanced protection. UNESCO maintains a List of Cultural Property under Enhanced Protection. Parties engaged in a conflict shall ensure the inviolability of cultural property under enhanced protection by not making it the target of attack, nor using it or its immediate surroundings in support of military action.

Cultural property may be placed under enhanced protection if it cumulatively fulfils the following three conditions: It is of the highest importance to humanity, it enjoys the highest level of protection at national level, and its use for military purposes is explicitly excluded. The Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict decides on applications from the High Contracting Parties for the granting of enhanced protection.

The Cultural Property Protection Division at the Federal Office for Civil Protection (FOCP) supports the cantons in preparing applications and, at federal level, coordinates the work for submitting applications to UNESCO. Currently, no cultural property in Switzerland is under enhanced protection. No application has been submitted yet.


Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP Protection of Cultural Property PCP
Guisanplatz 1B
CH-3003 Bern

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Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP

Protection of Cultural Property PCP
Guisanplatz 1B
CH-3003 Bern

Cultural property marking for enhanced protection