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Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict

The Abbey of Saint John in Müstair (GR), A-listed object in the Inventory of Cultural Property (© R. Zumbühl)

In 1962 and 2004, Switzerland ratified the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its two protocols of 1954 and 1999. The Convention and its Protocols are not directly applicable. They are implemented on the basis of the Federal Act on the Protection of Cultural Property during Armed Conflicts, Disasters and Emergencies. Every four years, the States Parties draw up a periodic report on the state of application of the Convention, which is published by UNESCO.

Every two years, the Meeting of the High Contracting Parties is convened to discuss challenges in the application of the Convention and its implementing provisions. The Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict meets once a year to contribute to the promotion and implementation of the Second Protocol of 1999. Switzerland was a Committee member from 2005 to 2013.

The Cultural Property Protection Division at the Federal Office for Civil Protection (FOCP) contributes with its expertise at international level. It represents Switzerland at UNESCO in the steering committees of the 1954 Hague Convention. In this framework, it works closely with the FDFA, in particular with the Swiss UNESCO Commission, the Swiss Delegation to UNESCO in Paris, and the Directorate of International Law.


Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP Protection of Cultural Property PCP
Guisanplatz 1B
CH-3003 Bern

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Federal Office for Civil Protection FOCP

Protection of Cultural Property PCP
Guisanplatz 1B
CH-3003 Bern

The marking of cultural property (‘blue shield’) under the 1954 Hague Convention